Adverbs can tell us where, when, how, why and to what extent something happens. Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.
Adjectives tell us something about a person or a thing. Adjectives can modify nouns or pronouns.
1) There are several different classes of adverb. They are often formed from adjectives or nouns be adding the suffix -ly.
For example: Quick becomes quickly, sudden becomes suddenly, intelligent becomes intelligently, . . .
2) To form an adverb from adjectives ending in -y change the y to i before adding the –ly.
For example: angry becomes angrily, busy becomes busily, . . .
3) To form an adverb from adjectives ending in -e drop the –e before adding the –ly.
For example: feeble becomes feebly, true becomes truly, . . .
4) Some adjectives ending in -ly need no changes.
For example: heavenly, . . .
5) However there are exceptions.
For example: sly becomes slyly, shy becomes shyly, . . .
6) Some adverbs do not end in -ly.
For example: fast, hard, straight, . . .
Adjective + -ly
Not all Tip: words ending in -ly are adverbs.
adjectives ending in -ly: friendly, silly, lonely, ugly
nouns, ending in -ly: ally, bully, Italy, melancholy
verbs, ending in -ly: apply, rely, supply There is no adverb for an adjective ending in -ly.
Types of adverbs
1) Adverbs of manner
2) Adverbs of degree
3) Adverbs of frequency
4) Adverbs of time
5) Adverbs of place