English – Adjective and Adverb

Standard
 

Adverbs can tell us where, when, how, why and to what extent something happens. Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.

 

Adjectives tell us something about a person or a thing. Adjectives can modify nouns or pronouns.

 

1) There are several different classes of adverb. They are often formed from adjectives or nouns be adding the suffix -ly.

For example: Quick becomes quickly, sudden becomes suddenly, intelligent becomes intelligently, . . .

2) To form an adverb from adjectives ending in -y change the y to i before adding the –ly.

For example: angry becomes angrily, busy becomes busily, . . .

3) To form an adverb from adjectives ending in -e drop the –e before adding the –ly.

For example: feeble becomes feebly, true becomes truly, . . .

4) Some adjectives ending in -ly need no changes.

For example: heavenly, . . .

5) However there are exceptions.

For example: sly becomes slyly, shy becomes shyly, . . .

6) Some adverbs do not end in -ly.

For example: fast, hard, straight, . . .

 

Adjective

Adverb

Mandy is a careful girl.

Mandy drives carefully.

Mandy is very careful.

 

She was a pretty girl.

The bird sang prettily.

He was a serious boy.

The policeman spoke seriously.

It was a fast car.

Schumacher drives fast.

They were quiet children.

The woman spoke quietly

 

Form

Adjective + -ly

Adjective

Adverb

dangerous

dangerously

careful

carefully

nice

nicely

easy

easily

quick

quickly

serious

seriously

quiet

quietly

pretty

prettily

angry

angrily

busy

busily

horrible

horribly

Feeble

Feebly

electronic

electronically

irregular forms

good

well

fast

fast

Hard

hard

heavenly

Heavenly

Sly

Slyly

Shy

Shyly

 

Not all Tip: words ending in -ly are adverbs.

adjectives ending in -ly: friendly, silly, lonely, ugly

nouns, ending in -ly: ally, bully, Italy, melancholy

verbs, ending in -ly: apply, rely, supply There is no adverb for an adjective ending in -ly.

Types of adverbs

1) Adverbs of manner
quickly
kindly

2) Adverbs of degree
very
rather

3) Adverbs of frequency
often
sometimes

4) Adverbs of time
now
today

5) Adverbs of place
here
nowhere

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