English – List of Conjunctions

Standard
               A) Coordinating Conjunctions (there are seven):

1. And

2. Or

3. But

4. Nor

5. So

6. For

7. Yet  

B) Subordinating Conjunctions (these are only a few):  

After

Although

As

As If

As Long As

Because

Before

Even If

Even Though

If

Once

Provided

Since

So That

That

Though

Till

Unless

Until

What

When

Whenever

Wherever

Whether

While

 

  • Both coordinating conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions can join clauses.

EXAMPLES:
My sister drives a truck, and she smokes cigars.
(Two clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction form a compound sentence.)

Some people do not like Cecil because he never listens.
(Two clauses joined by a subordinating conjunction form a complex sentence.)

Although Milly is terrified of heights, she is an airline pilot, and she lives in a penthouse.
(Clauses joined by a combination of coordinating and subordinating conjunctions form a compound-complex sentence.)

  • A subordinating conjunction can appear at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.

EXAMPLES:
After the movie started, more people came in. (Notice the comma separating the clauses)
More people came in after the movie started.

  •  A subordinating conjunction causes the clause that it appears in to become dependent. In other words, it will be a sentence fragment unless it is joined to an independent clause.

EXAMPLES:
You are my favorite brother. (sentence)
Even though you are my favorite brother. (fragment)
Even though you are my favorite brother, I am going to tell Mom. (sentence)
The owner is bigger than you. (sentence)
Unless the owner is bigger than you. (fragment)
You can sit on that car unless the owner is bigger than you. (sentence)
 

C) A LIST OF CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS Conjunctive Adverbs (these are only a few):

 

Accordingly

Also

Anyway

Besides

Consequently

Finally

For Example

For Instance

Further

Furthermore

Hence

However

Incidentally

Indeed

In Fact

Instead

Likewise

Meanwhile

Moreover

Namely

Now

Of Course

On the Contrary

On the Other Hand

Otherwise

Nevertheless

Next

Nonetheless

Similarly

So Far

Until Now

Still

Then

Therefore

Thus

 

  • Some adverbs are used as transitions between sentences. These are called conjunctive adverbs, but they are not conjunctions and cannot be used to join two sentences. These words and phrases are often useful to show the logical transitions between paragraphs.  

EXAMPLES:

You are a fool, moreover, you dress badly. (comma splice)

You are a fool. Moreover, you dress badly. (corrected)

You are a fool; moreover, you dress badly. (corrected)

We ate our meal then, we had dessert. (run-on)

We ate our meal, and then we had dessert. (corrected)

We ate our meal; then we had dessert. (corrected)

We ate our meal. Then we had dessert. (corrected)

Bessie always sleeps on the subway, however, she has never been robbed. (comma splice)

Bessie always sleeps on the subway. However, she has never been robbed. (corrected)

Bessie always sleeps on the subway; however, she has never been robbed. (corrected)

  •  Notice that often conjunctive adverbs, unlike conjunctions, often can move almost anywhere in a sentence.

 EXAMPLES:

I like frozen pizza pockets. Also, I like bouillabaisse.

I like frozen pizza pockets. I also like bouillabaisse.

I like frozen pizza pockets. I like bouillabaisse also

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