English – Present tense

Standard

 


Singular

Plural

1st Person

I

We

2nd Person

You

You

3rd Person

He, She, It, Ram, Sita, Jone, Akbar…

They, Rahim and Robert, The girls, The boys, teachers, students …

Simple Present Tense

I sing

How do we make the Simple Present Tense?

subject

+

auxiliary verb

+

main verb

 

 

do

 

base

There are three important exceptions:

  1. For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
  2. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.
  3. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.

Look at these examples with the main verb like:

 

subject

auxiliary verb

 

main verb

 

+

I, you, we, they

 

 

like

coffee.

He, she, it

 

 

likes

coffee.

I, you, we, they

do

not

like

coffee.

He, she, it

does

not

like

coffee.

?

Do

I, you, we, they

 

like

coffee?

Does

he, she, it

 

like

coffee?

Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary:

 

subject

main verb

 

 

+

I

am

 

French.

You, we, they

are

 

French.

He, she, it

is

 

French.

I

am

not

old.

You, we, they

are

not

old.

He, she, it

is

not

old.

?

Am

I

 

late?

Are

you, we, they

 

late?

Is

he, she, it

 

late?

How do we use the Simple Present Tense?

We use the simple present tense when:

  • the action is general
  • the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future
  • the action is not only happening now
  • the statement is always true

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s